Afghanistan Travel Guide: All you need to know to visit Afghanistan in 2022
Welcome to Afghanistan
The land of the Afghans is a place known for its rich history and culture since ancient times. The country has also witnessed many wars, invasions, and political turmoil over the years. However, despite all these challenges, it has managed to maintain its identity as an independent nation. It is one of the most visited countries in Asia. If you are planning to travel to this beautiful country, we have compiled some information about Afghanistan to make your trip more enjoyable and hassle-free.
Check out this ultimate Afghanistan travel guide!
Document checklist for Afghanistan
- Valid passport
- Sufficient funds
- Return airline ticket
Essential Afghanistan travel information
Currency - The Afghan afghani (AFN) AFN 1 is equivalent to approx. USD 0.011.
Daily budget for 1 person - The daily budget per person is AFN 3,858 (USD 43.59)
Languages - Pashto and Dari.
Socket type - For Afghanistan, there are two associated plug types, C and F. Afghanistan operates on a 220V supply voltage and 50Hz.
Time zone - Time zone in Afghanistan (GMT+4:30).
Top 3 cities to visit - Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, and Herat.
Top 3 landmarks/monuments - The Blue Mosque, Herat Citadel, and Darul Aman Palace.
Visa information for Afghanistan
Afghanistan offers a few types of visas for those wishing to visit its territory. Electronic permits and travel authorizations aren't available yet, but obtaining other essential documents online is still possible. We recommend you consult our Visa Checker Tool to stay up-to-date and see what documents you need to enter Afghanistan.
Please note that some foreign nationals must register at the Afghan embassy. In addition, more than 120 countries worldwide must instead apply for a paper visa as part of the Afghanistan Visa rules.
US residents must apply for a paper visa before entering Afghanistan.
Typical costs and budget for Afghanistan
Ready? If you're traveling through Afghanistan on a modest budget, here's what to expect per day:
Daily spending per person - You will spend around AFN 3,858 (USD 43.59).
Meals - For meals, AFN 400 (USD 4.52).
Transport - Local transportation costs around AFN 1,300 (USD 14.70)
Hotel - For 1 person, it is around AFN 1,300 (USD 14.70).
Transport and ways to travel around Afghanistan
The easiest way to travel to Afghanistan is by public transport, as the locals do. So if you are going to take a bus, you should know that it can be a bit chaotic, but it is easy to make the journey within the city you are in or to take long-distance trips. Try to travel during the day and always know your route to avoid inconveniences.
You can also take a taxi. This is a bit more expensive, but you can schedule the driver to take you to various places. This can be an excellent idea for your comfort.
Safety in Afghanistan
You should be very aware when you travel to Afghanistan as it is considered a country with war zones. So you can have a great trip, but always be mindful of your surroundings and take care of yourself with security precautions.
It is a country with a high probability of terrorist attacks as Taliban terrorist groups cause fear, creating a difficult security situation. The government of Afghanistan is still fighting this group to ensure peace. As a result, you should always have a personal security plan to protect yourself from minor and violent crimes. Our travel tips will help you considerably reduce risks; please read them carefully for your safety
Have travel insurance if you need medical facilities for treatment.
Watch local news to get additional safety and security information.
Carry the consular contact information for emergency assistance with you at all times.
Read local laws and entry rules. Afghanistan is Islamic, and religion can be connected with Afghan law.
Travel in secure zones, such as major cities, where terrorist groups do not have a presence.
Take care of your travel documents.
Respect the local traditions of local communities.
Weather in Afghanistan
The best time to travel to Afghanistan is April-May and September-October. You will avoid 40 °C/104 °F summers, which can be intolerable. December to April is the rainiest period, and northern Afghanistan is lushly green in the spring.
Popular cities and towns in Afghanistan
Our travel advice is to explore Afghanistan's most influential and exciting cities.
Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan. It has existed for over 3,500 years and is the center of government. This will give you an insight into the social and cultural dynamics of the Afghans. Besides that, you can stroll through its tourist places like the Historical Park, the Garden of Babu, and the National Museum of Afghanistan, among others.
Mazar-e-Sharif is the fourth-largest city in the country; it is known for its arabesque and South Asian architectural beauty. You'll feel like time hasn't passed; his historical relics are great.
Herat is one of the most important cities in the country for the historical sites surrounding it. This city has suffered from war, but the most remarkable fact is that it has been destroyed and rebuilt several times in history. This symbolizes its perseverance and strength. You can visit the Great Mosque of Herat, the citadel of Herat, and the National Museum of Herat, among other places that will amaze you.
Balkh is one of the oldest cities in the world. The Arabs called it "the mother of all cities," and it was the center of the Bactrian Empire. This city has been through a lot in more than 4,000 years.
Bamyan is known as the "bright light" and the "valley of the gods," so it will be a must if you are passionate about culture and religious history. In the past, it was a Hindu-Buddhist worship center where thousands of Buddhist monks lived in caves carved into the mountain. The 53-meter statue known as Salsal, and the 35-meter figure known as Shahmama are the tallest Buddha statues and the best-known monuments left by the Buddhists, which the Taliban destroyed in 2001.
Must do and see in Afghanistan
These are the top 5 attractions you must consider on your visit to Afghanistan.
The Blue Mosque- is one of the country's most famous monuments. The mosque's structure is magnificent and one of the most exciting examples of classical Islamic architecture. So if you want to take a trip to see this fantastic architecture, you have to. There is a prayer room, a small museum, a courtyard, sacred tombs, and other details that will astonish you.
Herat Citadel- Dating to 330 BC, it was initially built by Alexander the Great when he arrived in Afghanistan with his army. With the help of UNESCO, this citadel has been supported since its construction and houses the National Museum of Herat.
Darul Aman Palace- Built in 1920 during the reign of King Amanullah Khan, the palace symbolizes a modern and hopeful future for Afghanistan. Its name Darul Aman means "abode of peace."
Garden of Babur- This is a historical park in Kabul and one of the most charming places to visit in Mughal style. The garden was created in 1528 and is the resting place of the first Mughal rulers. The site has the Shahjahani Mosque, a garden pavilion, a queen's palace, and the tomb of Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. In 1933, the ground became a public recreation space.
National Museum of Afghanistan- Here, you can discover more about the history and culture of Afghanistan, appreciating the preservation of 8,000 lost objects dating back several millennia.
Typical Afghan food to try
If you are in Afghanistan, you should try these traditional dishes:
Bolani - It is deep-fried stuffed bread served with mint yogurt or green chutney. It can be eaten as an appetizer or a snack. This dish is enjoyed at weddings, parties, and holidays, among other events.
Mastawa- This main dish will leave you very pleased. It has lamb, rice, chickpeas, and yogurt. A very traditional dish in the Afghan lands.
Gosh-e-Fil- It is a dish with “elephant ears” made of fried dough covered with powdered sugar, syrup, and pistachios. This food is served at breakfast by Afghans.
Vaccine information for Afghanistan
Here you can get more info about Covid-19, other medical facility requirements, and the travel insurance you need to enter Afghanistan. Just click on the CDC website, and you will find everything about it.
Afghanistan has excellent natural resources
It is one of the most resource-rich countries. It has large reserves of natural gas, marble, coal, gold, and other materials.
Fun facts about Afghanistan
Afghanistan gained independence on August 19, 1919. They had three wars with Britain, after which they declared their independence.
Afghanistan is the world's largest supplier of opium.
Afghanistan's location on the silk route provided the setting for significant economic and cultural milestones in the world.
Afghanistan is a country that has been at war for decades and has been influenced by many military-level powers such as the Levites, British, Mongols, Muslim Arabs, Mauryas, Alexander the Great, and the Western powers.
Afghanistan has been in the news more than any other country in the last decade.
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