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How to get to and around Uzbekistan
6 min read
Updated on Dec 27, 2023

Please note: Traveling with Russian airlines may be restricted due to the Ukraine-Russia war. Flights are the recommended option due to safety concerns at some border regions, especially near Afghanistan.

Exploring Uzbekistan might pose some challenges, but don’t worry! We’re ready to help you travel around this landlocked country.

Whether you're drawn to the ancient Silk Road cities, the mesmerizing architecture, or the diverse tapestry of cultures, navigating this Central Asian gem promises the adventure of a lifetime.

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This guide will unravel the secrets of traversing Uzbekistan, from navigating its borders to understanding local transport with safety tips, so keep on reading to learn more!

Entry and visa requirements for Uzbekistan

If you're planning a trip to Uzbekistan, the entry requirements will vary depending on your passport’s country. We highly recommend using our Visa Checker Tool to check which documents you need to enter.

Keep in mind that these details can change, so it's wise to double-check closer to your travel date.

Visa requirements for Uzbekistan

Some travelers need a visa to enter Uzbekistan:

  • There are different types of visas, including tourist visas, business visas, and transit visas. Choose the one that suits your purpose of travel.

  • Uzbekistan offers an e-visa system, making the application process more convenient. You can quickly and easily apply for an Uzbekistan eVisa through our website.

Passport validity

Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your intended departure date from Uzbekistan.

Letter of Invitation to Uzbekistan

In some cases, you may be required to provide a letter of invitation from a host or hotel in Uzbekistan. This is more common for business visas.


You’re not required to show proof of any vaccinations to visit Uzbekistan at the moment, but it's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional if you have doubts, especially if you’ve been to another country a few days before your trip.

Customs regulations

Familiarize yourself with Uzbekistan's customs regulations to avoid any issues with bringing in restricted items.

Getting to Uzbekistan by airplane

The best way to enter Uzbekistan is through its International airports. The main international airports in Uzbekistan are Tashkent International Airport (TAS), Samarkand International Airport (SKD), and Bukhara International Airport (BHK).

We recommend looking for flights with reputable airlines that operate in Uzbekistan. Some standard options include Uzbekistan Airways and international carriers. Many airlines take you directly to Uzbekistan from London.

Many border regions pose safety concerns. While you might expect that near Afghanistan, being cautious is also crucial in areas of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Are there any Russian airlines available to enter Uzbekistan?

While there are popular Russian airlines with direct flights to Uzbekistan (such as Aeroflot), many of them are sanctioned due to the Ukraine-Russia war.

We recommend extreme caution when planning your trip, especially if you want to visit other European countries.

You can take direct flights from Moscow Domodedovo Airport, Pulkovo Airport, and Sheremetyevo International Airport to visit Uzbekistan from Russia. However, you may find issues if you plan to visit other countries in Europe aside from Russia and Uzbekistan.

Since the beginning of the Ukraine-Russia War, Russian airlines have been banned from much of Europe's airspace, so you should avoid them as much as possible for now.

If you want to know more about this measure, check the EU Commission website.

Getting around Uzbekistan

Exploring Uzbekistan's wonders involves navigating its diverse local transportation options. Read more below.

Traveling the Silk Road by train

Uzbekistan boasts a well-connected rail network, offering a scenic and comfortable mode of travel.

These train journeys across Uzbekistan are must-do adventures for many travelers. The train lines stretch from Nukus in the northwest to the capital, Tashkent, and extend further into the enchanting Fergana Valley or down to Termiz. It's a wonderfully romantic way to explore the country.

You'll encounter two main types of trains on this scenic route.

  • First, the high-speed trains with Spanish design and airplane-style seating. They zip from Tashkent to Samarkand and onward to Bukhara. You can choose between the speedy Afrosiyob trains (2½ hours) or the slightly slower Sharq services (3 hours).

  • Additionally, modern express trains connect Tashkent to Kokand, Margilon, and Andijon in the Fergana Valley. These services offer the most delightful way to travel between Uzbekistan's major Silk Road attractions.

  • On the flip side, you have the slower, Soviet-style long-distance trains that amble along at a more leisurely pace, making them perfect for overnight journeys. These services operate from Tashkent to Bukhara (8 hours), Khiva (14 hours), Nukus (22 hours), and Termiz (15 hours).

  • There's even a 23-hour Khiva-Andijon service, taking you on a relaxing ride across the entire length of the country. So, whether you prefer the swift modern trains or the unhurried charm of the long-distance ones, Uzbekistan's railway system offers an unforgettable adventure.

Local taxis

Local taxis are readily available in major cities for a more personalized and flexible travel experience. You’ll find many groups of drivers hanging around designated taxi stands.

We recommend the front seat for a comfy ride, or if you're a couple, consider paying for all three seats in the back. We also suggest speaking a few words of Russian or Uzbek before you hop in, as it can be a game-changer.

Get around by marshrutka

Marshrutka is the Russian word for “route,” used for shared minibuses. These minibuses follow specific routes, making them an affordable and authentic way to explore the city and its surroundings. Be prepared for a lively atmosphere as you travel alongside locals.

There are handy shared taxi routes linking Bukhara to Khiva and connecting the cities of the Fergana Valley. There’s even a convenient route from Samarkand over the mountains to Shakhrisabz.

Tashkent Metro

With only three lines, Tashkent Metro provides a quick and reliable means of moving around the capital. This fantastic Soviet-built metro system emerged after the 1966 Tashkent earthquake, and it was crafted by the same talented team behind Moscow's famously ornate metro.

Beyond being the optimal way to navigate the expansive capital, it's a visual treat itself. The stations boast stunning decor, ranging from psychedelic spacescapes in Kosmonavtlar (Cosmonaut) station to Central Asian motifs at Alisher Navoi. Excitingly, you can now snap photographs in all stations.

For less than US$0.15, you can grab an individual ticket, no matter the distance you're covering. This means you can embark on an unlimited station tour for the cost of a single ticket as long as you stay within the metro confines.

Taxi apps

Taxi apps offer a convenient and safe way to navigate Uzbekistan's cities. You can use popular ride-sharing apps like Yandex Go, Yango, or MyTaxi if you have a local SIM card, especially if you want to book reliable transportation, track your route, and make cashless payments. It's a modern and hassle-free option for seamless travel within the urban landscape.

Are you ready to explore Uzbekistan’s beauty? Here are some top places to visit:

Safety tips for traveling to and around Uzbekistan

Here are some extra tips for getting around in Uzbekistan safely:

  • Always research information before your travel date, especially if you’re planning to visit other countries in Europe after entering Uzbekistan.

  • Stick to reputable taxis and rideshares.

  • Keep your belongings secure, especially in crowded places or on public transportation. Use anti-theft bags and be cautious of pickpockets.

  • Keep a record of local emergency contacts and embassy details.

  • Agree on prices before taxis; be wary of scams.

  • Keep a small amount of local currency in cash for emergencies.

  • Ensure coverage for health emergencies and trip cancellations.

  • Exercise caution in border areas, and stay informed about the current situation. Check for any travel restrictions or advisories related to border crossings.

Where can I find more information?

If you want to learn more about traveling to Uzbekistan or you need information regarding the Uzbekistan eVisa, feel free to contact us via online chat or by sending an email to [email protected].

  • iVisa is NOT affiliated with any government agency. This site does not provide legal advice and we are not a law firm. None of our customer service representatives are lawyers and they also do not provide legal advice. We are a private, internet-based travel and immigration consultancy provider dedicated to helping individuals travel around the world. You may apply by yourself directly on the various government websites. The source of information: https://e-visa.gov.uz/
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