Welcome to Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is a fascinating destination to explore in Central Europe. The small landlocked country offers unique, historic cities and is a peaceful country, with attractions to please all types of tourists.
In this ultimate Czech Republic travel guide, you will find travel tips, national parks you should visit, and the best traditional Czech food you must try. Plus, everything you need to know about how to enter Czechia hassle-free.
Document checklist for Czechia
Valid passport (for at least three months beyond the length of stay)
Return travel tickets
Czech Republic travel tips: Essential travel information
Czech Currency - Czech Koruna (Kč). $1 is equivalent to approx. Kč22.14.
Daily budget for 1 person - Allow a daily budget of Kč2,050 ($91).
Languages - The official spoken language in Czechia is Czech. English is the second most popular language in the country; 45% of the population can communicate at some level of English.
Socket type - Types C and E, 230V supply voltage and 50Hz.
Time zone - Central European Time (CET): GMT+1.
Top 3 cities to visit - Prague, Karlovy Vary, and Brno.
Top 3 landmarks/monuments - The Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Prague Castle, and Pruhonice Park.
Visa information for Czechia
Travel document information is essential for a complete Czech Republic Travel Guide. You first need to know that the Czech Republic is in the Schengen Zone. This means that most foreign nationals who wish to enter Czechia can do so for up to 90 days within 180 days, for tourist or business purposes, without a visa. Visitors from the EU, EEA, or Switzerland, as well as other countries, are able to enter and travel within the 26 Schengen countries visa-free.
The visa-free group includes U.S. citizens, so they can enter Czechia very easily. However, this will change soon. From May 2023 onwards, applying for an ETIAS visa waiver will be mandatory to enter Czechia.
ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorization System) is a visa waiver, part of the new travel agreement between the EU countries and some other Schengen Zone members. It's designed to help European border authorities monitor travel and improve security in the Schengen area. The ETIAS permits visitors to travel freely between the 26 Schengen countries.
The Czechia ETIAS will be available and mandatory from May 2023. All citizens who are currently able to visit the Schengen area visa-free will have to apply for the ETIAS to visit the Czech Republic.
If you are not eligible to apply for an ETIAS or enter the Schengen zone visa-free, you may need to apply for a Czechia Schengen Visa. For more information on your nationalities' exact requirements to enter the country, you can use our Visa checker tool.
Typical costs and budget for Czechia
A basic guide to what you'll spend on a daily basis traveling through Czechia on a decent budget.
Daily spending - Around Kč2,050 ($91)/per person/per day on a budget vacation. This includes:
Meals - Kč490 ($22)
Transport - Kč178 ($7.90)
Hotel - Kč2,227 ($99) for two people. A trip for two for one week will cost, on average, Kč28,704 ($1,273).
Transport and best ways to travel around Czechia
You can count on good public transport on your trip to the Czech Republic. In the cities, you have most attractions within walking distance. Otherwise, in places like Prague, you will probably have a metro station nearby, plus the buses and tram options.
The Czech railways and bus stations are an affordable and efficient way to explore the countryside. Bus stations connect the small villages, and major cities usually have a train station.
Car rentals can be a great option to travel around at your own pace. It’s comfortable, gives you more freedom to manage your time, and the country offers roads in good condition.
Safety in Czechia
The Czech Republic is one of the world’s safest countries. It holds 8th position in the Global Peace Index 2022. So the crime rates are very low and tourists can travel safely.
However, the local authorities recommend being aware of street crime and petty theft, particularly in Prague. Another piece of good advice is to exchange money at a currency exchange office or bank, never on the street.
Weather in Czechia
The Czech Republic has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. It’s a country with four very distinct seasons.
Winter runs from December to February and its common to experience snow, not just in the mountains but in the lowlands too. From March to May, the Spring offers cooler temperatures, around 10°C (50°F) on average, with the snow starting to melt.
Summer runs between June and August, reaching over 30˚C (86˚F) in mountain areas. Finally, Autumn (September-November ) has average temperatures around 10˚C (50˚F) and offers beautiful landscapes with the red leaves falling from trees.
Most popular tourist destinations in Czechia
Czech culture, historical sites, and beautiful natural landscapes are some of the attractions that make visitors fall in love with this small country. Here are some of the best cities to visit in Czechia:
Prague - You have to visit Prague! It is the largest city, with a historical city center full of Gothic and Renaissance buildings. Enjoy the medieval style and bohemian vibe in free walking tours.
Karlovy Vary - This charming city has everything a tourist wants: a beautiful valley, impressive architecture, cobblestone streets, and lively culture.
Brno - This European city has vibrant life and is home to many impressive historical buildings, such as the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul.
Adršpach Rock City - Just 2h30 from Prague, this curious city is made of stone. This quaint town has huge natural rock formations that take the shape of pillars, columns, walls, and labyrinths.
Plzeň - If you like beer, you can consider this the Czech golden city. Plzen is known for its Pilsner lager and the Pilsner Urquell brewery, but it also offers fantastic architecture and attractions.
Must do and see in Czechia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, park, or historical buildings? You will find all these attractions in the Czech Republic! Don’t miss these fantastic sights:
Explore the Bohemian Switzerland Park. This park has 700 square kilometers and is one of Europe’s last and largest wild areas.
Visit the Prague Castle. Located on the Eastern side of the Vltava River, it’s one of the oldest castles in Europe, dating from the late 10th century.
Enjoy nature in the Šumava National Park. The country has an extensive forest and many hiking trails you can adventure on.
Visit the Astronomical Clock. One of Prague's highlights, the Pražský orloj is a beautiful astronomical dial and demonstrates complex craftsmanship in the form of a mechanical clock.
Explore Pruhonice Park. One of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Czech Republic, the park is home to the Pruhonice Castle and has fantastic gardens.
Any bookworms paradise, visit the National Library of the Czech Republic. This beautiful historic Baroque building is one of the largest libraries in Europe.
Typical Czech food to try
Svíčková Na Smetaně - This is a traditional dish in the Czech Republic. It consists of a cut of beef, slowly roasted and served with vegetable puree. The vegetables are cooked together with the meat. After that, they are removed and pureed. The roasted beef is covered in cream sauce and topped with cranberry sauce, whipped cream, and a slice of lemon. Delicious!
Goulash - This was originally a Hungarian recipe, but it has been adapted into Czech cuisine. The dish is made with chunks of stewed beef in a thick meat sauce seasoned with paprika. You can also find versions with pork or wild boar meat. It’s usually served in the winter.
Vepřo Knedlo Zelo - This is one of the Czech Republic’s national dishes. The recipe consists of roast pork and cabbage with hearty dumplings. The meat is roasted and served with onions and caraway gravy. Locals also cook with other meats, such as beef and chicken.
Vaccine information for Czechia
Knowing what routine vaccines and COVID-19 measures are required to enter the Czech Republic before your trip is important. You can check out the CDC website to learn about all vaccine requirements and recommended guidance or medicine lists.
Regarding health, be aware that medical and travel insurance are not mandatory to travel to the Czech Republic, but it is a good idea to be prepared for any misfortune.
The Bohemian Carnevale in The Czech Republic
Czechia is one of the countries with Carnival tradition. The Bohemian Carnevale, also known as Masopust, is tied to the Lent season and Easter holiday. The dates change each year, but it usually takes place in late February or early March.
The Bohemian Carnival continues the Czech traditions and story telling festivities, which date back to the 13th century. It celebrates human joy, fantasy, talent, craft, and creativity. People used to wear masks and costumes, dressing just like in medieval times. It’s an opportunity to have fun and dive into the local traditions!
Interesting facts about Czechia
You should already know everything you need to travel with this Czech Republic Travel Guide. Still, there is space for fun and interesting facts that will make the destination even more fascinating!
Prague is the only major city in Europe that wasn’t extensively bombed in World War II. Because of that, you can find many preserved and historic buildings, some dating back to the Middle Ages!
Czechs are the world’s biggest beer consumer per capita. Make sure you try the Pilsner-style lager, their most famous brew.
There are more than 2,000 castles in the Czech Republic. It’s the country with the highest castle density in the world.
People are not very religious in the Czech Republic. Around 39.8% of nationals consider themselves atheists and 13.4% are undecided.
Prague, the capital city, is known as the City of Spires due to having over 100 towers and spires.
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